hand therapy

Best occupational therapy hand strengthening activities for adults

Have you ever considered the intricacies of our hand movements and how much we depend on them in our day-to-day lives? Whether it’s turning a doorknob, writing with a pen, or even lifting a glass, each of these activities require a certain level of hand strength. As such, maintaining and improving hand strength is of utmost importance, especially in adults who may experience declining dexterity due to aging or various health conditions. This is where the field of Occupational Therapy (OT) becomes invaluable. Through a carefully curated set of exercises and activities, occupational therapists can help adults bolster their hand strength, allowing for improved function and independence.

hand therapy

Understanding Hand Strength

Understanding hand strength requires an appreciation for the intricate muscle and bone structures that make up the hand. There are more than 30 muscles in the hand, working in harmony to permit complex movements and provide strength. The muscles are categorized into two main groups: the extrinsic muscles that originate from the forearm or elbow, and the intrinsic muscles located within the hand itself.

Having strong hands is not just about having a firm handshake. It influences how we interact with the world. Weak hand strength can interfere with simple tasks like cooking, dressing, or even just gripping a coffee mug. Moreover, it can affect your ability to perform hobbies such as gardening or playing a musical instrument, and can even lead to pain or discomfort. Thus, hand strengthening exercises can vastly improve an individual’s quality of life.

Role of Occupational Therapy in Hand Strengthening

Occupational therapy is a form of treatment that helps individuals regain or improve their ability to perform daily activities, especially after an injury or illness, or in cases of physical or cognitive impairments. OT plays a crucial role in hand strengthening, providing a systematic approach to gradually build strength while considering the individual’s unique needs and lifestyle.

Occupational therapists use evidence-based practices to devise effective hand-strengthening routines. These practices often include a variety of exercises using different equipment and techniques. The ultimate goal is to restore or enhance the person’s hand strength to a level that allows them to engage in their everyday tasks comfortably and confidently. Numerous success stories bear testament to the effectiveness of OT in improving hand strength, from individuals regaining the ability to write after a stroke, to seniors being able to cook independently despite arthritis.

best occupational therapy hand strengthening activities for adults

Top Hand Strengthening Activities in Occupational Therapy

Hand-strengthening exercises vary based on the individual’s unique needs, but several key activities are commonly used due to their proven efficacy. Below is a list of five such activities:

  1. Putty Exercises: Therapeutic putty is often used in occupational therapy due to its versatility. Individuals can squeeze, stretch, twist, or pinch the putty, allowing for a comprehensive workout for the hand muscles. The putty is available in different resistance levels, making it adaptable to each individual’s strength and progress.
  2. Grip Strengthening: Tools like hand grippers or stress balls can be utilized for this exercise. The individual repeatedly squeezes and releases the tool, working out the muscles responsible for grip strength. This can be particularly useful for those having trouble holding onto objects in their daily life.
  3. Finger Pinching: This exercise targets the smaller, often overlooked muscles in the fingers and thumb. Using items like clothespins or tweezers, the individual pinches the tool and holds for several seconds before releasing. This can help improve precision in tasks such as buttoning a shirt or handling cutlery.
  4. Wrist Flexion and Extension: This exercise requires a small weight or resistance band. The individual holds the weight with their palm facing up (for flexion) or down (for extension) and bends the wrist up and down. This strengthens not only the wrist but also the forearm muscles that aid in grip strength.
  5. Finger Walks: This simple yet effective exercise involves “walking” the fingers up and down a wall or table. It helps improve both strength and coordination in the fingers.

Incorporating Exercises into Daily Routine

Consistency is key when it comes to seeing results from hand-strengthening exercises. The exercises should ideally be performed several times a week, and can be incorporated into daily routines with a bit of creativity. For example, putty exercises can be done while watching TV, and grip strengthening can be practiced during a short work break.

hand exercise

Safety Precautions and Guidelines

Safety is paramount when engaging in any form of exercise. Always consult a healthcare professional or occupational therapist before beginning a new hand-strengthening routine to ensure that the exercises are suitable for your health condition. Listen to your body and stop if you experience pain or discomfort. Remember, the aim is to strengthen, not strain, your hand muscles.


In summary, hand strength is an essential aspect of our daily function, and find the best occupational therapy hand strengthening activities for adults is important in order to improve it. Whether you’re an adult looking to enhance your grip strength or someone recovering from a hand-related injury, these exercises, when performed consistently and safely, can significantly improve your hand strength and overall quality of life.

Remember, every step taken, no matter how small, brings you closer to your goal. So, start today, and experience the transformative power of occupational therapy first-hand.


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